People talk of a New York state of mind (below are the lyrics of the song by Billy Joel). Surely, there’s a Singapore state of mind, too. Continue reading “Two lovely poems and a Singapore state of mind”
The American Future is a labour of love by the British historian Simon Schama, who clearly admires America. This is a loving exploration of American history highlighting the dreams and ideals that created the country and continue to animate it.
Schama also notes the darker currents — of racism, for example, that led to segregation, xenophobia and colonial adventures like the occupation of the Philippines during which US forces tortured Filipino freedom fighters with impunity.
But America has never lacked voices condemning prejudice and inhumanity. From the abolitionists fighting against slavery to Mark Twain's condemnation of the Philippines adventure to the Freedom Riders and other civil rights workers, America has never been short of idealism and tolerance.
This is the America that Schama celebrates. The book begins with an eyewitness account of Obama's victory in Iowa.
Schama describes the joyous scene. It did not happen overnight. He describes how a grizzled white farmer who had once supported Kennedy campaigned for Obama – and how a high school senior seeing the big group of Obama supporters on the caucus floor switched his support from Hillary Clinton to Obama.
Schama catches the wave of American idealism that periodically throws up a Roosevelt, a Kennedy, an Obama.
The idealism takes its toll. Schama describes the bitterness and enormous cost of the Civil War.
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The Arlington National Cemetery in Washington, DC, where more than 300,000 people are buried, is a memorial to fallen heroes.
But it was once home to the Confederate general Robert E Lee. He was the son-in-law of George Washington's adopted grandson, George Washington Parke Custis, who built the house.
It was turned into a graveyard by Lee's former friend, Montgomery C Meigs, a fellow West Pointer and engineer who had helped build the Capitol building before the war.
Meigs, who served as the quartermaster-general of the Union army, could not forgive Lee for joining the rebels. Turning it into a graveyard made the house uninhabitable, writes Schama.
Meigs' own son, who died in the war, was buried there – and so was he, long after the war.
Schama also writes about the black churches and black colleges as well as white pastors who took up their cause. We encounter heroic abolitionists who went from town to town, braving mobs and speaking against slavery.